Aver (v.): to state or assert to be true.

Synonyms: affirm, allege

Example Sentence: For a while, Ukraine lacked central leadership because multiple politicians averred that they had the power.

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Chastise (v.): rebuke or reprimand severely.

Synonyms: scold, rebuke

Example Sentence: The United Nations is chastising Russia because of their involvement in the Ukraine conflict.

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Chastise (v.): rebuke or reprimand severely.

Synonyms: scold, rebuke

Example Sentence: The United Nations is chastising Russia because of their involvement in the Ukraine conflict.

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Deter (v.): to discourage someone from doing something

Synonyms: discourage, put off

Example Sentence: The United States in currently deterring Russia from getting involved with the Ukraine with sanctions.

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Deceit (n.): the action or practice of deceiving someone by concealing or misrepresenting the truth.

Synonyms: deception, trickery

Example Sentence: Putin’s deceit about Russia’s actions in the Ukraine has made the United States and many other western countries nervous.

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Covert (adj.): not openly acknowledged or displayed.

Synonyms: secret, stealthy

Example Sentence: Russia’s covert actions in the Ukraine are supporting the rebels, and the United States does not approve of Russia’s aid.

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Nebulous (adj.): of a concept or idea being unclear, vague, or ill-defined.

Synonyms: vague, unclear

Example Sentence: The nebulous cease-fire agreement in the Ukraine has not been strictly followed on both sides of the conflict.

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Volatile (adj.): likely to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.

Synonyms: tense, strained

Example Sentence: The fact that there is still combat occurring in the Ukraine after the cease-fire was signed suggests that the conflict may be volatile.

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Rebuke (v.): to express sharp disapproval or criticism of someone because of their behavior or actions.

Synonyms: criticize, censure

Example Sentence: The United States of America and the United Nations are currently rebuking Russia’s efforts to aid the rebels in the Ukraine.

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Diatribe (n.): A forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something.

Synonyms: tirade, attack

Example Sentence: At the G20 conference in Australia, Putin decided to leave early because of the diatribe he received about Russia’s affairs with the Ukraine.

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